Humans have been brewing beer for 10,000 years, and we’re not likely to stop now.
If you love drinking beer, you might be thinking of creating your own brew and possibly even selling your own creations.
In today’s blog post, I guide you through how to start a brewery: factors to consider, conditions to meet beforehand, and the steps you need to take to build your business.
Factors To Consider When Starting A Brewery
So you’re probably here because you love drinking beer and you’re thinking of turning that love into creating your own brews and even turning it into a business.
A brewery business can be lucrative, but it takes more than a love of beer to be successful.
Here are some factors to consider when making your decision to start a brewery.
Federal And State Laws
Homebrewing is legal in all 50 states, but only if it’s for personal use (i.e., less than 100 gallons of beer a year). This means you can perfect your brew at home and have family and friends taste-test it, but you can’t sell anything you brewed at home.
The federal authority for all alcoholic beverages is the US Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB).
This bureau sets the rules for the production, distribution, labeling, advertising, trade and pricing practices, credit, container characteristics, and alcoholic content of each alcoholic beverage.
Aside from federal laws, you’ll also need to adhere to your individual state laws. Make sure to look them up.
Because you can’t sell your brews from home, you need to find a space for your brewery that you can rent.
Consider the fact that you’ll have to receive deliveries for raw materials and equipment, and delivery vehicles will have to park nearby.
You have to have enough space to brew as well as possibly sell your products. Also, it has to be able to adhere to zoning laws and other standards and regulations for breweries.
I can’t and I won’t sugarcoat it: you would need a substantial amount of investment to start a brewery.
And it’s a high-risk investment, too.
As you’ll see in the next sections, you’ll need to have your equipment and facilities set up before you even apply for your license to sell.
As you know, applying for a license can go either way. If your license is disapproved, you’re out all the costs. Of course, you can always sell the equipment, but that’s probably at a loss.
Don’t have enough capital? Raise funds via crowdfunding, or try to get venture capital funding for your business.
If you still can’t scrape together the funds needed, you can maybe try to apply for one of these small business grants so you can get your business started.
Starting a brewery is not easy and it’s not cheap; having clear business goals and knowing exactly what you want to achieve with your business helps you keep your focus.
Write down your business objectives and keep it with you. In fact, it’s even better if you can integrate this into your business plan.
Visualize your ideal customer and write up a profile: their income bracket, jobs, likes, dislikes, wants, and needs.
When you have this snapshot of your ideal customer, weigh your brewing skills against their preferences and determine if you have enough skills to give them what they want.
If not, consider your willingness to invest time and money to hone your existing skills and learn new ones.
It all comes down to a single question: what type of person do you want to buy your beer?
Things To Do Before Starting Your Brewery
When you’ve considered all the factors, begin getting your ducks in a row.
Here are the things you have to accomplish before you start your brewery.
Perform Market Research
Market research involves studying customer data and behavior as well as market trends.
The aim is to learn who to sell your beer to, what they’ll like, and how to market your products to them.
Here are some questions to answer so you can get a good sense of the market.
- Demand. Do people want your product? How much do they want it?
- Market size. How large is your audience?
- Economic indicators. What income bracket do they belong to?
- Location. Where are your customers? How wide is your reach?
- Market saturation. What does your competition look like?
- Pricing. How much are your potential customers willing to pay?
Find Your Niche
A craft brewer is defined as a small, independent brewer, and you technically fall under this category.
This is still a broad definition, so let’s break it down further.
According to the Brewers Association, there are six distinct market segments:
- Microbrewery – Less than 15,000 barrels of beer per year; sells 75% or more of beer off-site
- Brewpub – Restaurant-brewery selling 25% or more of its beer on-site with food services
- Taproom Brewery – Selling 25% or more of its beer on-site without food services
- Regional Brewery – Between 15,000 to 6,000,000 barrels
- Contract Brewing Company – Business that hires another brewery to produce beer but takes care of everything else: marketing, sales, and distribution
- Alternating Proprietor – Tenant “rents” brewery and becomes the brewery of record in terms of taxes, label approval, and formula approval
If you’re only starting out, the simplest market segment to start with would be a microbrewery. A taproom brewery can also be worth a try but would require a bigger space to accommodate your customers.
Draw Up Your Business Plan
Once you’ve decided which niche is the right fit for you, create your business plan to lay out your business goals and give you a clear direction for your brewery business.
This article from the US Small Business Administration shows you two ways to write your business plan.
Perfect Your Technique
Planning your business will be all for naught if you only know the bare basics of brewing.
A thriving brewery business has to sell beer, and that means having a high-quality product line that stands out from the rest of the competition.
Perfecting the art of brewing, from choosing the right ingredients to its final presentation, is crucial to your success.
Look for classes you can take to add to your knowledge of brewing.
The oldest and most popular brewing school is Siebel Institute of Technology, which offers a 12-week diploma course in brewing technology, as well as a la carte offerings of courses if you only want to refresh your knowledge in certain subjects.
However, Siebel Institute is located in Chicago, Illinois. If you don’t live near there, or have no plans of relocating to Chicago even for just 3 months, you can check out the courses offered by American Brewers Guild. It’s not 100% online, though; you’re required to work for one week at a local brewery.
If you have a choice, select a course that offers a certificate.
This will give you an advantage when applying for your licenses and permits.
Network With Other Brewers And Suppliers
Connecting with other brewers and suppliers helps you gather more knowledge about brewing, marketing, and distribution, and allows you to learn where to find the best materials and equipment.
Find Raw Materials
First, familiarize yourself with the raw materials you need:
- Water. Purified water is the best water to use; any impurities may affect the taste of your products.
- Cereal Grains. The preferred grain for beer is barley, although you can use corn, rice, rye, or wheat as well.
- Hops. Hops are the flowers of the hop plant Humulus lupulus..
- Yeast. If you’re making ale, you’ll need to use a strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae called brewer’s yeast (not to be confused with baker’s yeast).
Look for local suppliers of these raw materials first so you can more easily source them.
You can also look for online suppliers who deal in wholesale purchases.
Set Up Workspace And Equipment
Unlike other businesses, you’ll have to have your equipment and workspace in place before you even apply for the necessary licenses and permits for your business.
Here’s a list of equipment that you may need to set up depending on the business model you’re going to follow.
- Fermentation Tank
- Beer Filters
- Mashing Tuns & Kettles
- Refrigeration Machine
- Water Treatment
Suppliers from China such as Alibaba can supply this equipment to you. However, remember that importing from overseas adds significant shipping charges, and the wait time for delivery is also longer.
Alternatively, look into the members’ directory of the associations you’re a member of and look for equipment suppliers.
How To Start A Brewery
Once everything is in place, you can now start building your business.
Here’s how to start a brewery business.
1. Develop your product line.
Because you’ve done your market research, you should know what products your target audience would buy.
Develop one drink first and let your family, friends, and acquaintances taste this and give you their feedback.
If you can afford it, host a free tasting session in your brewery or set up a kiosk in a mall or a beer festival to have random people taste your beer and rate them (for free, of course).
Once you’ve perfected that specific brew, think about whether you want to sell just this one thing or if you plan to expand this and develop different variants.
At this point, consider how you’re going to package your brew: bottled or canned. Bottles carry the flavor better, but cans preserve brews better and are so much easier to store and ship.
2. Define your brand.
Having a tasty product or product isn’t enough.
To be seen and noticed by your potential customers, you’ll need to define your brand identity.
The aim is to be able to connect to your niche through your brand, including your business name, logo, label designs, and even your online personality should all be on-brand.
Here are some questions to ask yourself that can guide you create your brand identity.
- What personality do I want my brand to project?
- Who do I want drinking my beer?
- What is unique to my brand that my customers can’t get anywhere else?
- What experience do I want my customers to have?
3. Compose your labels.
When it comes to beer, “label” doesn’t just mean that sticker on the bottle or that design on the can. It refers to the words you use to describe the contents of that bottle or can.
The TTB takes labeling of alcoholic products very seriously and may require you to pay a fine or revoke your license if you don’t comply.
Below are the essential components of your product label.
- Location. Indicate the production facility, and the city and state where it was produced.
- Alcohol by volume. Never use the abbreviation “ABV;” write the whole thing out (X% Alcohol by Volume) or shorten Alcohol to Alc and Volume to Vol.
- Contents. Indicate the volume in imperial measurement of liquid in the container: fluid ounces, pints, gallons.
- Designation. Beer, ale, lager, porter, stout, malt beverage are acceptable as long as the 4 main ingredients (water, grain, hops, yeast) are present; any additional ingredients or treatments need to be included.
- Allergens. If your product contains allergens or bottled where allergens are also present, it must be stated on the label. Allergens include milk, egg, fish, shellfish, nuts, wheat, peanuts, and soybeans.
- Prohibited words. You can’t use the words “strong,” “full-strength,” “low-carb,” or any other words that imply unsubstantiated claims.
Aside from the TTB guidelines, consult your local and state laws for specific labeling requirements.
Of course, aside from being truthful, the visual elements of the label will need to be attractive to potential customers. Plenty of services can design this for you, or you can hire a freelance graphic designer to do this for you.
As stated above, you need to consider your branding when you design your product labels.
4. Register your business.
Forming a limited liability company (LLC) business entity is essential to separate your personal assets from your business assets (same for liabilities).
This means if you ever get sued, get into debt, or file for bankruptcy, your personal assets cannot be used to pay for any damages or debt.
You’d also need an LLC when applying for licenses and permits, as well as registering to pay taxes and applying for insurance.
5. Organize your business financials.
Again, the point is to separate your business records from your personal records.
Your accounting, your books, should be impeccable and more importantly, add up. Use bookkeeping software if you must to keep your records spotless.
6. Obtain all necessary licenses and permits.
This is easier said than done.
When getting licenses and permits for your brewery, you have to have a product line established along with the recipes, the equipment and facilities set up and ready for production, product labels ready to print, and a marketing plan.
If you plan to serve your products in your brewery (i.e., on-site), you’ll also have to get a license to do that. You’ll need yet another license if you intend to serve food on-site as well.
Waiting times for operating permits can take up to 6 to 8 months to be approved, so keep this in mind especially if you’re transitioning from a day job or a different business.
For a guide on the licensing process, check out this article.
7. Formulate your distribution plan.
The simplest way to offer your products is right where you brew it. All you need is a small space for a storefront or a larger space for a bar.
If you’re going to sell from your location, register the address on Google My Business so potential customers in your area can easily find your brewery.
But if your location isn’t very accessible, you lack the permits to serve alcoholic drinks in your location, or just don’t have space, you’ll have to find a way to get your product in front of potential buyers.
Find local craft beer festivals and fairs to participate in. Alternatively, you can contact local convenience stores, grocery stores, restaurants, or bars and strike a deal for them to sell your products.
If at some point you find yourself producing too much product to move by yourself, consider contacting a local distributor who’ll take care of the labor and refrigerated transport.
Expand your reach even more by offering your beer online and working with a nationwide distributor so you can ship your products to customers all over the country.
You may come to a point in your business when your products are popular enough to be worth exporting.
The legalities and logistics of exporting are complicated, so do your research thoroughly if you want to go this path.
Instead of exporting the actual products, consider selling the recipes and the rights to produce the recipes instead.
That way, you don’t have to bother yourself with the details, not to mention you’re decreasing your carbon footprint by not using up fuel for transportation.
8. Draw up a pricing strategy.
By now, you should already be aware of how much investment you’ve put into your brewery, as well as how much you intend to invest as well on expansion or increased production.
Monetary investments include the money you’ve spent for raw materials, equipment, space, license and permit applications, training and classes, packaging, distribution, and other incidentals.
Aside from the money, factor in the time you spend making a batch of beer and assign a value to it. Calculate how much you’d want to pay yourself for every hour of work you do and divide it by how much beer (in volume) you can make per hour.
Lastly, your artistry and skills need to also have a value assigned to them.
Now, have a target profit per unit, and determine the selling price per unit by adding your target profit to the cost per unit based on the above investments.
9. Establish your online presence.
Whether or not you want to sell your products online, you’ll need to build an online presence for your brewery.
It’s virtually impossible to reach potential customers when you don’t have at least a social media presence.
Keep your branding in mind and open up social media accounts for your business, as well as your own website.
Even if you don’t want to sell your products through your website, having your own website helps you increase your reach, market your products, and advertise them.
Potential customers will want to look for you online and find out more, and you need to be ready for it.
Start a self-hosted blog and write about your brewing process, review new materials and equipment, and inspire others to get started on their own dream of starting their own brewery.
Aside from your online presence, make sure you have a separate business email and business phone so that you can completely separate your personal life and contacts from the business-related ones.
Final Thoughts On Starting A Brewery Business
Aside from significant investment, you’ll need to have a genuine love for beer, dedication to your brewing process, and the skills to create high-quality products if your brewery business is to prosper.
I can’t guarantee that you will be successful, but hopefully, our guide on how to start a brewery helps you be on your way.
If you think the investment is too high to risk, we have a list of 50 ways to start an online business that involves less capital.
Or maybe you’d like to monetize your love for beer in another way: by getting paid to drink beer.
Has my blog post inspired you to start a brewery? Or maybe you already own one? Tell your stories to fellow beer-drinkers below.